GLOSSARY AND INDEX TO OVID’S METAMORPHOSES

 

The book and line references in this Glossary and Index are to the Ian Johnston translation of Ovid’s Metamorphoses (available here). If you are looking for a Glossary and Index for the Latin text use the pages prepared by A. S. Kline (available here).

The following list contains the more important names in Ovid’s text. The numbers refer to the relevant book and line in the English text of the Johnston translation. The list normally includes only those references where we learn something about the name. Material in the footnotes or chapter summaries is not listed in the index. Where a name is mentioned several times in a short space, the reference indicates that with the letters ff. (e.g., 2.342 ff.), rather than listing each separate occurrence of the name.

As a guide to pronunciation, the spelling of each name includes spaces to indicate the syllabification and an accent to show where the stress falls. Opinions about pronunciation of Classical names sometimes differ. The following comments should clarify some of the practices I have followed (my guide to pronunciation in most cases has been John Walker, A Key to the Classical Pronunciation of Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Names, London 1830).

The letters –eus at the end of a name are almost always two syllables: (e.g., Orpheus is pronounced Ór-phe-us, Pentheus is pronounced Pén-the-us, and so on). The same rule holds for those names ending in –aus (e.g., MenelausMe-ne-lá-us).

Final vowels are pronounced by themselves, as Calliope and Penelope (each four syllable) or Achaea, Hecate, and Cybele (each three syllables), although there are several exceptions, usually when the name has become quite familiar in English (e.g., Crete, Palatine, Rome, Ganymede, Nile, Palestine, Sabine, and so on). Where these exceptions occur I have placed (E) after the name, to indicate that the name is pronounced as it is in English.

In the text, a vowel with a dieresis placed above it, is pronounced in a separate syllable (for example, Caïcus, Danaë, and Phaëton all have three syllables). The names in the list do not include the dieresis, since the syllables are indicated with spaces.


A-CHAÉ-A: a region in the northern Peloponnese, also used for Greece generally—(Teiresias) 3.780; (worships Bacchus) 4.900; 5.487; (Arethusa) 5.900; (Achaeans cheer Jason) 7.234; (Minos) 7.790; (Theseus) 8.428; (drowned cities) 15.439.

ACH-AE-MÉN-I-DES: one of Ulysses’ comrades—(his story) 14.252 ff.

ACH-E-LÓ-US: a river god and river northwest of Corinth—(daughters transformed) 5.862; (Theseus) 8.860 ff.; (Echinades) 8.903 ff.; (Perimele) 8.927 ff.; (story of Erysichthon) 8.1139 ff.; 8.1364; (Theseus) 9.2 ff.; (fights Hercules) 9.12 ff.; (loses horn) 9.139 ff.; 9.157; 9.659.

A-CHÍL-LES: son of Peleus and Thetis—8.490; (conceived) 11.418; (fights Cycnus) 12.112 ff.; (Menoetes) 12.178 ff.; (sacrifices to Pallas and feasts) 12.238 ff.; (Nestor) 12.278; (Neptune and Apollo) 12.897 ff.; (killed) 12.1021 ff.; (fame) 12.1030 ff.; (fight for his weapons) 12.1052 ff., 13.1 ff.; (links to Ajax) 13.48; (hidden on Scyros, tricked by Ulysses) 13.265 ff.; (conquests) 13.279; (body recovered) 13.466 ff.; (delay in joining the army) 13.492 ff., 13.493; (ghost appears) 13.718 ff.; (Hecuba’s children) 13.808 ff.; (Memnon) 13.935, 13.960; 15.1302.

Á-CIS: son of Faunus and Symaethis—(Galatea) 13.1191 ff.; (transformed) 13.1370 ff.

A-COÉ-TES: a Tyrrhenian worshipper of Bacchus: (his story) 3.878 ff.

A-CRÍS-I-US: king of Argos, father of Danaë, grandfather of Perseus—(denies Bacchus) 3.852, 4.901; 4.911; (Perseus) 5.376.

AC-TAÉ-ON: son of Autonoë, grandson of Cadmus—(sees Diana) 3.210 ff.; (killed) 3.342 ff.; 3.1095.

A-DÓ-NIS: son of Myrrha and Cinyras—(birth) 10.772 ff.; (Venus) 10.795 ff.; (dies) 10.1086; (transformed) 10.1109.

AÉ-A-CUS: son of Jupiter and Aegina, king of Aegina, father of Telamon and Peleus—7.743; (Minos) 7.749 ff.; (Cephalus) 7.793 ff.; (describes the plague) 7.810 ff.; 7.1356; (in old age) 9.698, 706; 13.39.

AE-É-TES: king of Colchis, father of Medea—(Jason) 7.12 ff., 7.172; 7.281.

AE-GÉ-US: king of Athens, father of Theseus—(Medea) 7.637; (Theseus) 7.663 ff.; (Minos) 7.713; 15.1301.

AE-GÍ-NA: a nymph, daughter of Asopus, also an island in the Saronic Gulf—(in Arachne’s tapestry) 6.183; (Minos) 7.744 ff.; (Cephalus) 7.769; (plague) 7.811 ff.; (Jupiter) 7.958.

AE-NÉ-AS: mortal son of Venus and Anchises, prominent Trojan warrior—(leaves Troy) 13.998 ff.; (Anius) 13.1009 ff.; (moves to Crete and through Ionian islands) 13.1121 ff.; (reaches Sicily) 13.1154 ff.; (Dido) 14.111 ff.; (continues voyage) 14.123 ff.; (Sibyl and Underworld) 14.153 ff.; (Achaemenides) 14.267; (Macareus) 14.378; (Caïeta) 14.676; (war in Latium) 14.685 ff.; (Evander) 14.696; (deified) 14.885 ff.; (Helenus) 15.651; 15.1085; 15.1167; 15.1214; 15.1311.

AÉ-O-LUS: god of the winds—(confines Boreas) 1.384; (Tisiphone) 4.718; (confines winds) 4.981; (incest of children) 9.818; 11.681; (Ceyx) 11.872; 11.1140; (Aeneas) 14.131; (Macareus) 14.343 ff.; (Aesculapius) 15.1071.

AÉS-A-CUS: son of Priam and Alexirhoë—(his story) 11.1146 ff.; (birth) 11.1160; (Hesperië) 11.1164 ff.; (transformed) 11.1196 ff.; (mourned) 12.1.

AES-CU-LÁ-PI-US: son of Coronis and Apollo—(birth) 2.929; (Ocyrhoë) 2.950 ff.; (Hippolytus) 15.802; (journey to Rome as a god) 15.943 ff.

AÉ-SON: a Thessalian, father of Jason—(Medea) 7.265 ff., (restored) 7.403 ff.; 7.478.

AÉT-NA: a volcano in Sicily—(on fire) 2.319; (prison of the winds) 4.982; (holds down Typhoëus) 5.559; (Ceres) 5.688; (Daedalus) 8.416; (Telemus) 13.1222; (Polyphemus) 13.1360, 13.1376; 14.2; 14.253; (Polyphemus) 14.293; (Pythagoras) 15.512 ff.

AG-A-MÉM-NON: king of Mycenae, leader of the Greeks at Troy—(at Aulis) 12.46; (arms of Achilles) 12.1059, 12.1065; (at Aulis) 13.304 ff.; (dream from Zeus) 13.358 ff.; 13.590; (in Thrace) 13.714; 13.721; (Anius’ daughters) 13.1046; 15.1300.

A-GÉ-NOR: father of Europa and Cadmus—2.1274; 3.4; (Juno’s hatred) 3.383; 3.471.

AG-LAÚ-ROS: daughter of Cecrops—(Erichthonius and Pallas) 2.826; (Mercury) 2.1102 ff.; 2.1171; (Envy) 2.1187 ff.; (transformed) 2.1218.

Á-JAX (1): son of Telamon—(Hyacinthus) 10.311; (arms of Achilles) 12.1060; (presents his case) 13.3 ff.; (his ancestry) 13.34; (saves Ulysses) 13.120 ff.; (exploits against the Trojans) 13.134 ff.; (insulted by Ulysses) 13.221 ff.; (invulnerable) 13.441; (kills himself) 13.631 ff.

Á-JAX (2): son of Oïleus, the “lesser” Ajax, from Locris—13.585; 14.715.

AL-CÍTH-O-E: daughter of Minyas—(denies Bacchus) 4.1 ff.; (tells story) 4.401 ff.; (transformed) 4.595.

ALC-MÉ-NE: daughter of Electryon, wife of Amphitryon, mother of Hercules—(in Arachne’s tapestry) 6.181; 8.851; (with Iole) 9.443 ff.; (giving birth) 9.460 ff.; 9.625 ff.

AL-CÝ-O-NE: daughter of Aeolus, wife of Ceyx—7.635; 11.607; (Ceyx) 11.659 ff.; 11.845; 11.874; 11.881; 11.891; (Juno) 11.907; (with Morpheus) 11.1005 ff.; (laments) 11.1036 ff.; (finds Ceyx’s corpse and is transformed) 11.1092 ff.; 11.1138.

AL-PHÉ-US: a river god and river near Elis in the Peloponnese—(boils) 2.361; (Arethusa) 5.758, 5.934 ff., 5.968 ff.

AL-THAÉ-A: daughter of Thestius, wife of Oeneus, mother of Meleager—(revenge against Meleager) 8.699 ff.; (kills herself) 8.831.

AM-PHÍ-ON: son of Jupiter, husband of Niobe, king of Thebes—(music) 6.298; (sons) 6.370 ff.; (kills himself) 6.444; 15.636.

AN-AX-ÁR-E-TE: a well-born girl in Cyprus—(Iphis) 14.1070 ff.; (transformed) 14.1149 ff.

AN-CHÍ-SES: father of Aeneas—9.680; 13.1001; (Anius) 13.1024; 13.1082; (ghost) 14.181.

AN-DRÓM-E-DA: daughter of Cepheus and Cassiope—(saved by Perseus) 4.994 ff.; 4.1127.

ÁN-DROS: son of Anius, also an island ruled by him—(Minos) 7.738; 13.1037 ff.; (gives in to Greeks) 13.1054; 13.1061.

Á-NI-US: king of Delos—(Aeneas) 13.1011; (children) 13.1028 ff.; (gifts, wine bowl) 13.1080 ff.

A-Ó-NI-A: a region in Boeotia, in central Greece—1.456; 3.523; 6.2; 7.1200; 12.37.

A-PÓL-LO: divine son of Jupiter and Latona, twin brother of Diana, also called Phoebus and Paean, god of the sun—(killsPytho) 1.643 ff.; (loves Daphne) 1.659 ff.; (Cupid) 1.661 ff,; (chases Daphne) 1.706 ff.; (laurel tree) 1.813 ff.; (Phaëton’s concerns) 1.1108 ff.; (palace of the Sun) 2.1 ff.; (Phaëton’s request) 2.31 ff.; (grieves) 2.477 ff., 2.550 ff.; (Raven and Coronis) 2.801, 2.889 ff.; (Aesculapius and Chiron) 2.929; (cattle stolen) 2.1006 ff.; (Cadmus) 3.15; (Venus and Mars) 4.246 ff.; (Leucothoë) 4.280 ff.; (Typhoëus) 5.523; (in Arachne’s weaving) 6.200; 6.269; (Latona) 6.344 ff.; (Niobe’s sons) 6.365 ff.; (Marsyas) 6.626 ff.; 7.617; (Rhodes) 7.578; (Cephisus) 7.617; (walls of Megara) 8.24; 8.48; (Mopsus) 8.556; (Dryope) 9.532; (Cyparissus) 10.196 ff.; (Hyacinthus) 10.243 ff.; (Orpheus’ head) 11.87; (Pan) 11.237 ff.; (punishes Midas) 11.266; (with Laomedon at Troy) 11.294 ff.; (Chione) 11.479 ff.; (Daedalion) 11.539; 11.921; (kills Achilles) 12.901 ff.; 13.670; 13.812; (Delos) 13.1011; (Andros) 13.1039; (Ambracia) 13.1139; (Sibyl) 14.206 ff.; 15.803; 15.969; 15.983; 15.1094.

A-RÁCH-NE: a girl from Lydia—(her weaving) 6.9 ff.; (Minerva) 6.37 ff.; (tapestry) 6.166 ff.; (transformed) 6.214 ff.; (Niobe) 6.247.

AR-CÁ-DI-A: region in the central Peloponnese—(Lycaon) 1.312; (Syrinx) 1.1018; (Callisto) 2.590; (dogs) 3.313; (Ancaeus) 8.616; (the boar) 9.312; (Pythagoras) 15.499.

ÁR-CAS: son of Callisto and Jupiter—(birth) 2.689; (Callisto) 2.729 ff.; (transformed) 2. 741.

ÁR-DE-A: city in Latium—(falls, burns, bird appears) 14.871 ff.

AR-E-THÚ-SA: a nymph from Elis living Sicily—5.640; (Ceres) 5.757 ff.; (her story) 5.892 ff.; (transformed) 5.961 ff.

ÁR-GO-NAUTS: heroic crew of the Argo—6.1165; (voyage) 7.2; 7.17; (Jason) 7.189, 7.197; 15.508.

ÁR-GOS: city and region in the Peloponnese—(Juno) 1.887; (dries out) 2.347;. (shuts out Bacchus) 3.854; (Perseus enters) 5.374; (meeting of cities) 6.676; (fame of Theseus) 8.427; 15.247; (Erasinus) 15.412.

ÁR-GUS: a monster with a hundred eyes—(Juno and Io) 1.923 ff.; (Jupiter) 1.991 (Mercury) 1.1002 ff.; (killed) 1.1056 ff.; 2.788.

A-RI-ÁD-NE: daughter of Minos—(Theseus) 8.278 ff.; (Bacchus) 8.286.

AS-CÁL-A-PHUS: son of Orphne and Acheron—(Proserpine) 5.841; (transformed) 5.849.

AS-CÁ-NI-US: son of Aeneas (also called IÜLUS)—(leaves Troy) 13.1004; (gift) 13.1083; (king) 14.930.

AT-A-LÁN-TA (1): a girl from Tegea—(Boar Hunt) 8.502; (Meleager) 8.513 ff.; 8.600; (boar’s head) 8.674.

AT-A-LÁN-TA (2): daughter of Schoeneus—10.848 ff.; (Hippomenes and the golden apples) 10.872 ff.; (transformed) 10.1060.

ÁTH-A-MAS: son of Aeolus, husband of Ino—(Pentheus) 3.861; (Niobe) 4.621; 4.692; 4.697; (Tisiphone) 4.722 ff.; (goes mad) 4.756 ff.

ÁTHENS: city in Attica—2.1064; (Envy) 2.1182; (Ceres) 5.1004; (Triptolemus) 5.1018; (in Minerva’s weaving) 6.117; (at war) 6.688, 6.699; (Tereus visits) 6.731; (Erectheus) 6.1103; 6.1153; (Medea) 7.632; (Theseus) 7.642; 7.762; (Cephalus) 7.770 ff.; 7.1131; (no tribute) 8.421; (Theseus) 8.858; (Eumolpus) 11.141; 15.635; 15.639.

ÁT-LAS: giant son of Iapetus—2.429; (Perseus) 4.932 ff.; (transformed) 4.972; (daughters of Phorcys) 4.1150; (Niobe) 6.292; (Hercules) 9.439; (Pythagoras) 15.225.

AU-GÚS-TUS: Roman emperor in Ovid’s time—1.286; 1.290; (gates) 1.827; (his greatness) 15.667; 15.1137 ff.; 15.1150; (achievements) 15.1242 ff.; 15.1293.

AU-RÓ-RA: goddess of the dawn—1.87; (Phaëton) 2.165; 2.210; 3.916; 4.933; 5.684; 6.82; 7.169; 7.339; (Cephalus) 7.1095 ff.; 7.1128; 7.1308; (complains) 9.672; 11.468; 11.926; (Memnon) 13.928 ff.; (Jupiter) 13.941 ff.; 13.994; 15.291; 15.1061.

AU-SÓ-NI-A—a region in southern Italy, also Italy generally—13.1127; 14.496; 14.1187; 14.1209; 15.982.

AU-TÓ-NO-E: daughter of Cadmus, mother of Actaeon—3.295; (Pentheus) 3.1094.

A-VÉR-NUS: place in Italy with access to the Underworld, also the Underworld generally—5.843; (Orpheus) 10.86; (Aeneas) 14.161 ff.

BÁC-CHUS: divine son of Jupiter and Semele, god of wine—(birth) 3.474; 3.485; (Thebes) 3.793 ff., 3.807 ff.; 3.874; (with Acoetes) 3.925 ff.; 3.1071; 3.1114; (Alcithoë) 4.4; (tribute to) 4.17 ff.; 4.399; 4.576; (fame in Thebes) 4.612; 4.633; (Ino) 4.773; (fame) 4.898; (Acrisius) 4.904; 4.913; 4.1140; (Typhoëus) 5.524; (in Arachne’s tapestry) 6.206; (Procne) 6.975; (Medea) 7.413, 7.462; (stolen bullock) 7.568; (Ariadne) 8.286; (Oeneus) 7.439; (avenges Orpheus) 11.100 ff.; (Tmolus and Silenus) 11.126 ff.; (Midas) 11.151 ff., 11.203 ff.; (Anius’ daughters) 13.1041, 13.1065 ff.; (Pythagoras) 15.170, 15.616.

BAÚ-CIS: wife of Philemon—(her story) 8.994 ff.; (transformed) 8.1119.

BEAR/BEARS: constellation in the northern sky—2.193; 2.250; (Juno’s anger) 2.777; 3.70; 3.910; 4.926; 8.334; 10.688; (on shield) 13.485; 13.1159.

BOE-Ó-TI-A: region of central Greece—(dries up) 2.346; 3.23; 5.497; (Iolaüs) 8.492; (Hercules) 9.181; (Hippomenes) 10.891; (Aulis) 12.16; (Therses) 13.1086.

BÓ-RE-AS: the North Wind—(moves north) 1.91; (locked) 1.383; (helps end the Flood) 1.478; 2.270; 5.453; (Orithyïa) 6.1112 ff.; (holds Greek fleet) 12.36; (urges fleet home) 13.683.

BRONZE AGE: 1.173.

BÝB-LIS: daughter of Cyane and Miletus, sister of Caunus—(born) 9.726; (her story) 9.727 ff.; (goes mad) 9.1014; (transformed) 9.1053.

CÁD-MUS: king of Thebes, son of Agenor—(founds Thebes) 3.5 ff.; (fights Serpent) 3.40 ff.; (sows Serpent’s teeth) 3.140 ff.; (family troubles) 3.199 ff.; (Pentheus) 3.861; (Juno’s hatred) 4.696; 4.809; (in exile) 4.835 ff.; (transformed) 4.857 ff.; (Niobe) 6.298.

CAÉ-NE-US: son of Elatus—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.484; (once a woman) 12.269 ff.; (made invulnerable) 12.323; (centaurs) 12.708 ff.; (Latreus) 12.737 ff.; (attacked by centaurs) 12.763 ff.; (transformed) 12.809.

CAÉ-NIS: daughter of Elatus—(raped by Neptune, changed to a man) 12.295 ff.; 12.726.

CAÉ-SAR: (Julius Caesar) a prominent Roman politician and general—1.286; (made a god) 15.1127 ff., (Jupiter) 15.1235 ff.; (star) 15.1282 ff.; 15.1304; 15.1316.

CAI-É-TA: nurse of Aeneas and a place named after her—14.247; (buried) 14.674; 15.1084.

CAL-LÍ-O-PE: one of the nine Muses, mother of Orpheus—(sings of Ceres) 5.538 ff.; 5.1034.

CAL-LÍR-HO-E: daughter of Acheloüs, wife of Alcmaeon—(asks for necklace) 9.653; (Jupiter) 9.659; 9.692.

CAL-LÍS-TO: a nymph, daughter of Lycaon—(Jupiter) 2.595 ff.; (Diana) 2.648 ff.; (Arcas) 2.687; (transformed) 2.700 ff.; (sees Arcas) 2.735; (a constellation) 2.741; (Juno’s anger) 2.777.

CÁL-Y-DON: a city in Aetolia—6.678; (Theseus) 8.430; (Great Boar Hunt) 8.433 ff.; 8.776; (mourns Meleager) 8.823; 8.1140; 9.4; (Deïanira) 9.241; (city in Italy) 14.783.

CÁ-NENS: wife of Picus—14.525 ff.; 14.586; (transformation) 14.639 ff.

CÁ-PI-TOL: important hill in Rome—1.825; 2.795; 15.891; 15.1256; 15.1278.

CAS-SÍ-O-PE: mother of Andromeda, wife of Cepheus—4.996; 4.1025 ff.; 4.1095.

CÁS-TOR: son of Tyndareus and Leda, twin brother of Pollux—(Boar Hunt) 8.480, 8.587; 12.624.

CAÚ-CA-SUS: a mountain and a region around the Black Sea—(burns) 2.327; (Abaris) 5.138; (Hunger) 8.1239.

CAÚ-NUS: son of Miletus and Cyane—9.725 ff.; (Byblis) 9.919 ff.; (flees) 9.1011.

CÉN-TAURS: sons of Ixion, monsters with the head, arms, and torso of a human being and the body of a horse—(Chiron) 2.933 ff., 2.942; (Nessus) 9.164 ff.; 9.310; (Lapiths) 12.330 ff.; (Hercules) 12.835; 14.1025; 15.422.

CÉPH-A-LUS: husband of Procris—6.1110; (Aeacus) 7.773 ff.; 7.1038; (spear) 7.1047; (Procris) 7.1071 ff.; (Aurora) 7.1094 ff.; 7.1359; (Athens) 8.4.

CÉ-PHE-US: father of Andromeda—(Perseus) 4.993 ff.; 4.1095; (at feast) 5.20, 5.53, 5.73, 5.156.

CE-PHÍ-SUS: river in Phocis, father of Narcissus—(Deucalion) 1.536; (Cadmus) 3.31; (Lirope) 3.527; 7.616; (Theseus) 7.691.

CÉR-BE-RUS: three-headed dog guarding Hades—(Juno) 4.667; 4.739; (venom) 7.648; (taken by Hercules) 7.652; (Hercules) 9.302; 10.35; 10.104; 14.97.

CÉ-RES: sister of Jupiter, mother of Proserpine, goddess of the harvest and food generally—(Calliope) 5.543 ff.; 5.649; (Proserpine) 5.681 ff.; (transforms a boy) 5.704; (Cyane) 5.724 ff.; (punishes Sicily) 5.742 ff.; (Arethusa) 5.760 ff.; (Jupiter) 5.792 ff.; (Arethusa) 5.891 ff.; (Triptolemus) 5.1003; (Lyncus) 5.1031; (Neptune) 6.194; (Eleusis) 7.693; (Oeneus) 8.438; (Erysichthon) 8.1159 ff.; (Hunger) 8.1209 ff.; (Iasion) 9.675; (festival) 10.664.

CÉ-YX: son of Lucifer, husband of Alcyone, king of Trachis—(Peleus) 11.425 ff.; (Daedalion) 11.458 ff.; (Chione) 11.520; 11.557; 11.604; 11.610; (his voyage) 11.650 ff.; (storm at sea) 11.746 ff.; (drowns) 11.883; 11.895; 11.911; (Morpheus) 11.1004 ff.; (his corpse) 11.1110 ff.; (transformed) 11.1128.

CHA-RÝB-DIS: a whirlpool between Sicily and Italy—7.109; 8.193; (Aeneas) 13.1164; 14.113.

CHI-MAÉ-RA: a monster made of up different animals—6.554; 9.1032.

CHÍ-O-NE: daughter of Daedalion—(with Mercury and Apollo) 11.475 ff.; (Autolycus) 11.493; (Philammon) 11.501; (Diana) 11.503 ff.

CHÍ-RON: son of Saturn and Philyra, the most famous of the centaurs—(Aesculapius) 2.933; (Ocyrhoë) 2.938; (future life prophesied) 2.964; 2.1004; (Saturn) 6.209; 7.559.

CÍC-ON-ES: a people of Thrace—6.1152; 10.3; (women attack Orpheus) 11.4 ff.; (punished by Bacchus) 11.104 ff.; (Pythagoras) 15.469.

CÍP-US: a Roman general—(his story) 15.850 ff.

CÍR-CE: divine daughter of Helios and Perse—4.299; (Glaucus) 13.1506, 14.12 ff.; (Scylla) 14.60 ff.; (Ulysses) 14.382 ff.; (Macareus) 14.477 ff.; (Picus) 14.535 ff.; 14.667; 15.1087.

CLÝM-E-NE: mother of Phaëton, wife of Merops—1.1117, 1130; 2.49, 2.58; (grieves for Phaëton) 2.482; (Heliades) 2.514 ff.; 4.298.

CLÝT-I-E: daughter of Oceanus—4.300; (her jealousy) 4.344; (transformed) 4.375 ff.

CÓR-INTH: city in the Isthmus between the Peloponnese and mainland Greece, also called Ephyre—2.348; 5.638; 6.680; (Medea) 7.621; (Hippolytus) 15.765.

CO-RÓ-NIS: a girl from Larissa, mother of Aesculapius—(Apollo) 2.800 ff.; (killed) 2.887 ff.

CRETE (E): large island in the Mediterranean—(Jupiter) 3.3; (dog) 3.309; (bull) 7.685; (Jupiter’s birthplace) 8.157; (Scylla) 8.188; (Minos) 8.243; (Daedalus) 8.297; (Cretan bull) 9.304; 9.1059; 9.1142; 91177; (Hymen) 10.1; 13.589; (Aeneas) 13.1124; 15.814.

CRÓ-TONA: city in southern Italy—(Numa) 15.12; (Hercules) 15.12 ff.; (founded) 15.88; (Pythagoras) 15.93.

CROW: daughter of Coroneus—(Raven) 2.807 ff.; (Minerva) 2.815 ff.; (transformed) 2.842 ff.

CÚ-MAE: a shrine on the coast of Italy—(Aeneas) 14.158, 14.242; 15.1078.

CÚ-PID: son of Venus, god of love—(Apollo and Daphne) 1.662 ff., 1.689; 4.469; (Pluto) 5.578 ff.; (Medea) 7.126; 9.874; (Myrrha) 10.474; (Adonis) 10.792; (Venus) 10.805.

CÝ-A-NE: a nymph—(Pluto) 5.641 ff.; (transformed) 5.664; (Ceres) 5.724; (Miletus) 9.720.

CÝB-E-LE: Near Eastern mother of the gods—(Attis) 10.158; 1o.1041; 10.1055; 10.1069; (Aeneas’ ships) 14.816 ff..

CÝ-CLOPS/CY-CLÓ-PES: one-eyed giants who make Jupiter’s thunderbolts—1.379; 3.467; 13.1202; 13.1235 ff.; 14.4; (Achaemenides) 14.274 ff.; 14.384; 15.140.

CÝC-NUS (1): son of Sthenelus—(grieves for Phaëton, is transformed) 2.530 ff.; 12.896.

CÝC-NUS (2): son of Hyrië and Apollo—(Philius) 7.589 ff.; (transformed) 7.601.

CÝC-NUS (3): son of Canace and Neptune—(fights Achilles) 12.111 ff.; (transformed) 12.228; 12.261; 12.894.

CÝL-LA-RUS: a centaur—(his beauty) 12.612 ff.; (Hylonome) 12.629; (killed) 12.653 ff.

CYL-LÉ-NE: mountain in Arcadia, associated with Mercury—1.310; 2.1075; 5.946; 7.612; 11.481.

CYP-A-RÍS-SUS: young boy of Cea—(the stag) 10.179 ff.; (transformed) 10.202.

CÝ-PRUS: island in the eastern Mediterranean—10.409; 10.812; 10.975; 10.1091; 14.1065.

CYTH-E-RÉ-A: another name for VENUS

DAE-DÁ-LI-ON: son of Lucifer, brother of Ceyx—(his story) 11.466 ff.; (transformed) 11.540 ff.

DAÉ-DA-LUS: an Athenian—(labyrinth) 8.255 ff.; (Icarus) 8.296 ff.; (Perdix) 8.379 ff.; (in Sicily) 8.415; 9.1188.

DÁ-NA-Ë: daughter of Acrisius, mother of Perseus—(Perseus) 4.908; (Jupiter) 4.1033; (in Arachne’s tapestry) 6.182; 11.179.

DÁPH-NE: daughter of Peneus—(Apollo) 1.660 ff.; (Peneus) 1.705; (transformed) 1.806 ff.

DEI-A-NÍ-RA: daughter of Oeneus, sister of Meleager, wife of Hercules—8.850; (fight over her) 9.13 ff.; (Nessus) 9.169 ff.; (Iole) 9.229 ff.; (sends shirt to Hercules) 9.250.

DÉ-LOS: an island in the Cyclades—3.912; (Latona) 6.316, 6.543; 8.357; 9.533; (Aeneas) 13.1010; 13.1121; 15.813.

DÉL-PHI: important oracle in central Greece—1.758; 9.533; 10.251; 11.479; 11.657; 15.217; 15.956.

DEU-CÁ-LI-ON: son of Prometheus, husband of Pyrrha: (survives the Flood) 1.463 ff.; (Themis) 1.532 ff.; (restores human life) 1.582 ff.

DI-Á-NA: divine daughter of Jupiter and Latona, twin sister of Apollo, also called PHOEBE—1.697; 1.711; 1.1027; (Callisto) 2.605; 2.621; 2.645 ff.; (Actaeon) 3.238 ff.; 3.372; 4.446; (fears Typhoëus) 5.525; 5.593; (Arethusa) 5.963 ff., 5.993; (Latona) 6.269, 6.344 ff.; (Niobe) 6.472 ff.; 6.679; 7.1171; (Calydonian Boar) 8.434 ff.; 8.559; (Meleager’s sisters) 8.847; 8.907; 9.147; 10.824; (Chione) 11.510; (at Aulis) 12.42 ff., 13.305; 14.514; 15.731; (Hippolytus) 15.805 ff.; (Egeria) 15.827.

DI-O-MÉ-DES: Greek warrior leader—(arms of Achilles) 12.1055; (chides Ulysses) 13.108; 13.165, 13.167; (closeness to Ulysses) 13.401; 13.575; (Venulus) 14.698 ff.; 14.755; 15.1165; 15.1219.

DIS: an alternative name for PLUTO—4.648; 4.754; (shot by Cupid) 5.606; 5.887.

DÓ-RIS: wife of Nereus, mother of the Nereïds—2.13; 2.387; 13.1181.

DRÝ-OP-E: daughter of Eurytus, sister of Iole—(her story) 9.529 ff.; (transformed) 9.561 ff.

EARTH: 1.16; (formation) 1.40 ff.; (creation of human beings) 1.113; (abandoned by Astraea) 1.207; (produces new human life) 1.218; (the Furies) 1.346; 1.358; (the Flood) 1.414; (life after the Flood) 1.606; 1.632; (Pytho) 1.638; 2.9; 2.18; (Phaëton); (complains to Jupiter) 2.392 ff.; (in darkness) 4.293; (Pluto) 5.661; (Arethusa) 5.765, 5.780; (Niobe) 6.311; (produces armed men) 7.212; (Medea) 7.320; (Antaeus) 9.299; (on shield) 13.483; 15.111; 15.125; 15.138; 15.515.

ÉCH-O: a nymph—3.546; (Juno) 3.556; (Narcissus) 3.568 ff., 3.754 ff.; 3.774.

E-GÉ-RI-A: a nymph, wife of Numa—15.719; (mourns) 15.726; (transformed) 15.825.

É-LIS: a city and region in the western Peloponnese—(Apollo) 2.1010; (Arethusa) 5.757, 5.769; 5.948; 8.489; (Hercules) 9.305; 12.847; (games) 14.504.

E-NÍ-PE-US: a river in Thessaly—1.849; (Neptune) 6.189; (Medea) 7.369.

ÉPH-Y-RE: old name for the city of CORINTH on the Isthmus—2.348; (Medea) 7.621.

ÉR-E-BUS: another name for the Underworld—5.847; 10.121; 14.622.

E-RÉC-THE-US: king of Athens—6.1105; 7. 680; 7.1088; 8.859.

ER-ICH-THÓ-NI-US: son of Vulcan—(Pallas) 2.816; 2.1131; (age) 9.677.

ER-Y-MÁN-THUS: a mountain and river in Arcadia—(overheats) 2.353; (Arcas) 2.734; (Arethusa) 5.948.

ER-Y-SÍCH-THON: (daughter) 8.1156; (insults Ceres) 8.1157 ff.; (punished by Hunger) 8.1263 ff.; (eats himself) 8.1359.

ETHIOPIA/ETHIOPIANS (E): region in northern Africa—(Phaëton) 1.1152; (turn black) 2.340; (Perseus) 4.991; (royal feast) 4.1136, 5.3 ff.; 15.480.

EU-BOÉ-A: island off east coast of mainland Greece—7.373; (Lichas) 9.354, 9.365; (Greek fleet) 13.299; (Anius’ daughters) 13.1054; (Glaucus) 13.1416, 14.2; 14.243.

EU-RÓ-PA: daughter of Agenor, mother of Minos—(Jupiter) 2.1253 ff.; (Juno) 3.385; (on Arachne’s tapestry) 6.166; (Minos) 8.37; 8.191.

EU-RÝD-I-CE: wife of Orpheus—(Orpheus) 10.12 ff.; (dies again) 10.78 ff.; (reunited with Orpheus) 11.93.

EU-RÝS-THE-US: king of Mycenae, son of Sthenelus—(Hercules) 9.328; 9.440.

FATES (E): daughters of Night, three goddesses who determine length of life—(Ocyrhoë) 2.949; 2.973 ff.; (Actaeon) 3.266; 3.837; (Proserpine) 5.831; (Cephalus) 7.1077; (Meleager) 8.711; 8.1219; (Dryope) 9.541; (Orpheus) 10.61; (Venus) 10.1098; (Peleus) 11.644; (Ceyx) 11.714; (Achilles) 12.1033; (Troy) 13.555; (Aeneas) 13.997; (Sibyl) 14.239; (Picus) 14.585; (Hersilia) 15.1297; (home) 15.1224 ff.

FURIES (E): goddesses of blood revenge—1.346; (Juno) 1.1069; (Underworld) 4.670 ff.; 6.703; (Tereus) 6.1080; (Althaea) 8.754; (Alcmaeon) 9.653; (weep) 10.74; (Myrrha) 10.476, 10534; (Orpheus) 11.22; (Melampus) 15.491.

GA-LÁN-THIS: servant of Alcmene—(tricks Lucina) 9.490 ff.; (transformed) 9.510.

GAL-A-TÉA: a Nereïd—(Scylla) 13.1175 ff.; (Acis and Polyphemus) 13.1190 ff.

GÁN-Y-MEDE (E): young prince of Troy—(Jupiter) 10.231 ff.; 11.1152.

GIANTS: divine monsters—(war on heaven) 1.209 ff.; 1.258; 5.509; 10.223.

GLAÚ-CUS: fisherman and later a sea god—7.375; (Scylla) 13.1412 ff.; (his story) 13.1432 ff.; (leaves for Circe) 13.1503; (Circe) 14.1 ff.; (rejects Circe) 14.101.

GOLDEN AGE: 1.126 ff.; 15.145; 15.391.

GOLDEN FLEECE: 6.1167; 7.13; (Jason takes it) 7.249, 7.256.

HAR-MÓ-NI-A: daughter of Venus and Mars, wife of Cadmus—3.202; (an exile) 4.844 ff.; (transformed) 4.876 ff.

HÉC-A-TE: goddess of witchcraft and magic—6.233; (Medea) 7.129; 7.286; 7.292; 7.316; 7.387; (Circe) 14.69; 14.623.

HÉC-TOR: son of Hecuba and Priam, a prince of Troy—11.1155 ff.; (mourns Aesacus) 12.3; (kills Protesilaüs) 12.104; 12.116; 12.690; 12.844; 12.1000; 12.1029; 13.12; (attacks Greeks) 13.134; 13.292; 13.458 ff.; 13.631; (Astyanax) 13.677; (ashes) 13.695; 13.788; 13.833; 13.1060.

HÉC-U-BA: wife of Priam (king of Troy)—11.1159; 13.663; (hauled away) 13.690 ff.; (Hector’s ashes) 13.694; (Polyxena) 13.732 ff.; 13.782; (laments) 13.791 ff.; (Penelope) 13.832; (Polydorus’ corpse) 13.870 ff.; (her revenge and transformation) 13.881 ff.; 13.920; 13.927; 13.930; 13,993.

HÉLEN (E): mortal daughter of Jupiter and Leda, wife of Menelaus—13.331; 14.1024; 15.347.

HÉL-E-NUS: son of Priam, a prophet—13.162; (captured) 13.550; (Aeneas) 13.1149 ff.; (Aeneas) 15.653; 15.672.

HE-LÍ-A-DES: daughters of the Sun (Apollo)—(grieve for Phaëton, are transformed) 2.491 ff.; (Orpheus) 10.141; 10.397;

HÉ-LI-OS: son of Hyperion, Greek god of the Sun. See APOLLO. (love for Leucothoë) 4.280 ff.; 13.1507.

HÉR-CU-LES: son of Jupiter and Alcmene, husband of Deïanira— (Cos) 7.576; (Cerberus) 7.651; (constellation) 8.294; (fight with Acheloüs) 9.19 ff.; (Nessus) 9.167 ff.; (his fame) 9.220; 9.230; (Nessus’ shirt) 9.258 ff.; (achievements) 9.296 ff.; (suffering) 9.330 ff.; (Lichas) 9.341 ff.; (pyre and death) 9.370 ff.; (deified) 9.390 ff.; 9.441; 9.451; (birth) 9.462 ff.; (Iolaus andHebe) 9.635; (saves Hesione, attacks Troy) 11.326 ff.; (Trachis) 11.965; 12.484; (kills Nestor’s family) 12.829 ff.; (killsPericlymenes) 12.862 ff.; 12.882; 13.36; (arrows) 13.85, 13.658; (Croton) 15.12 ff.; (Myscelus) 15.32 ff.; 15.346; 15.424.

HER-MAPH-RO-DÍ-TUS: son of Hermes (Mercury) and Aphrodite (Venus)—(his story) 4.423 ff.; (is transformed and drowns) 4.542 ff.

HÉR-SE: daughter of Cecrops—(Erichthonius and Pallas) 2.824; (Mercury) 2.1080 ff.

HE-SÍ-O-NE: daughter of Laomedon—(saved by Hercules) 11.322; (Telamon) 11.336.

HES-PÉ-RI-E: daughter of Cebrenus—(Aesacus) 11.1171 ff.; (killed by snake) 11.1181 ff.

HIP-POD-Á-MIA: bride of Pirithoüs—12.329; (abducted and rescued) 12.350 ff.; 14.1024.

HIP-PÓL-Y-TUS: son of Theseus—(his story) 15.735 ff.; (changes name) 15.818; 15.832.

HIP-PÓM-E-NES: son of Megareus—(Atalanta) 10.872 ff.; (transformed) 10.1060.

HUNGER (E): (Ceres) 8.1217 ff.; (her home) 8.1241; (obeys Ceres) 8.1263 ff.

HY-A-CÍN-THUS: a lad from Amyclae—(Apollo) 10.242 ff.; (transformed) 10.315 ff.; 13.649.

HÝ-DRA: a monster with many heads—(poison blood) 2.969; (heads) 9.113, 9.121; (Nessus’ shirt) 9.210; 9.261; 9.312.

HY-LÓN-O-ME: a female centaur—(Cyllarus) 12.629 ff.; (kills herself) 12.660.

HÝ-MEN: god of marriage—1.702; 4.1130; 6.701; 9.1219; 9.1224; 9.1269; (Orpheus) 10.1.

HÝR-I-Ë: mother of Cyncus (2), also a lake in Boeotia—(Medea) 7.586; (transformed) 7.603 ff.

I-ÁN-THE: daughter of Telestes—(Iphis) 9.1141 ff.

I-A-PYG-I-A: region in southern Italy—(Diomedes) 14.701; 14.778; 15.83; 15.1065.

ÍC-A-RUS: son of Daedalus—(with Daedalus) 8.315 ff.; (drowns) 8.36o.

ÍDA: mountain near Troy—(on fire) 2.316; 4.405; 4.424; 4.30; 7.568; (Laethea) 10.114; 11.1162; 12.803; 13.536; 14.818.

ÍN-A-CHUS: a river in Argolis, father of Io—(grieving) 1.856; (with transformed Io) 1.945 ff.

Í-NO: daughter of Cadmus, wife of Athamas—(Bacchus) 3.481; (Pentheus) 3.1098; (Juno) 4.614 ff.; (Tisiphone) 4.721 ff.; (jumps in the sea) 4.780; (transformed) 4.799; (companions changed) 4.804 ff.

Í-O: daughter of Inachus—(Jupiter) 1.859 ff.; (transformed and suffers) 1.900 ff.; (at the Nile, transformed back) 1.1072 ff.; (son with Jupiter) 1.1100; 2.773; (as Isis) 9.1090.

I-O-LÁ-US: son of Iphicles—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.491; (made young) 9.629, 9.690.

Í-O-LE: daughter of Eurytus—(Hercules) 9.230; 9.248; (Alcmene) 9.445 ff.; (story of Dryope) 9.522 ff.; 9.623.

IÓNIAN SEA (E): part of the Mediterranean between Greece and Italy—(Myscelus) 15.79; 15.1060.

IPH-I-GE-NEÍ-A: daughter of Agamemnon—(at Aulis) 12.47; 13.305; 13.322.

Í-PHIS (1): daughter of Telethusa and Ligdus—(her story) 9.1061 ff.; (transformed) 9.1255.

Í-PHIS (2): a man from Cyprus—(his story) 14.1069; (kills himself) 14.1098 ff.

Í-RIS: daughter of Thaumas, divine messenger—(in the Flood) 1.393; (purifies Juno) 4.709; (Juno) 11.908 ff.; (Sleep) 11.950 ff.; 14.128; (Hersilia) 14.1278 ff.

IRON AGE: 1.176 ff.; 15.391.

Í-TYS: son of Procne and Tereus—(birth) 6.710; 6.716; (killed) 6.1014 ff.

I-Ú-LUS: another name for ASCANIUS—14.888; 14.930; 15.667; 15.1160.

IX-Í-ON: father of Nessus and Pirithoüs and the centaurs—(in the Underworld) 4.682, 4.688; 9.202; (Orpheus) 10.68.

JÁ-SON: son of Aeson—(leads Argonauts) 7.9; (Aeëtes) 7.12 ff.; (Medea) 7.19 ff.; 7.132 ff.; (tested by Aeetes) 7.184 ff.; (Golden Fleece) 7.244 ff.; (Iolchos) 7.259; (Medea and Aeson) 7.269 ff.; 7.407; (Medea’s revenge) 7.625; (Great Boar Hunt) 8.481, 8.549; 8.646.

JOVE (E): another name for JUPITER.

JÚ-NO: sister and wife of Jupiter—(Iris) 1.394; (suspicious of Jupiter and Io) 1.887 ff.; (Argus) 1.923; (Argus’ eyes) 1.1063; (torments I0) 1.1068; (forgives Io) 1.1080 ff.; 2.635; (Callisto) 2.683 ff.; (Tethys and Oceanus) 2.747 ff.; (Semele) 3.379 ff.; (Teiresias) 3.490 ff.; (Echo) 3.556; 3.788; (Ino) 4.619 ff.; (Underworld) 4.662 ff.; 4.774; (Ino’s companions) 4.812; (Typhoëus) 5.526; (Pygmy queen) 6.148; (Antigone) 6.153; 6.347; (Latona) 6.551; 6.702; (plague) 7.821; 8.356; 9.27; (hatred for Hercules) 9.36, 9.221 ff.; 9.417; (delays Hercules’ birth) 9.460 ff.; (incest) 9.805; 9.1218; 9.1268; (Ganymede) 10.241; 11.899; (sends Iris to Sleep) 11.905 ff.; (Ixion) 12.780; (Hecuba) 13.926; 14.129; 14.886; 14.902; (opens gates of Rome) 14.1202; (Hersilia) 14.1277; 15.248; 15.575; 15.1063; 15.1171.

JÚ-PI-TER: son of Saturn, husband of Juno, chief Olympian god—1.150; (rules after Saturn) 1.159; (creates seasons) 1.162; (Giants) 1.212; (summons gods) 1.233 ff.; (Lycaon) 1.297 ff.; (sends the Flood) 1.367 ff.; (ends the Flood) 1.472; (Io) 1.865 ff.; (Mercury) 1.987 ff.; (Juno and Io) 1.1079 ff.; 2.88; (Phaëton) 2.440 ff.; (Cycnus) 2.546; 2.565; (calms Apollo) 2.576; (Callisto) 2.596 ff.; 2.696; 2.705; 2.717; (Callisto and Arcas) 2.741; (Mercury and Europa) 2.1240 ff.; 3.1; 3.12; (Semele) 3.437 ff.; (Bacchus) 3.478; (Teiresias) 3.487 ff.; 3.788; (Celmis) 4.412; (Perseus) 4.947 ff.; (J. Ammon) 4.993; (Danaë) 4.1033; 4.1123; 5.30; (Typhoëus) 5.520; (Ceres) 5.798 ff.; (Ceres and Pluto) 5.878; (in Minerva’s tapestry) 6.121; (in Arachne’s tapestry) 6.167 ff.; (Telchines) 7.581; (Aegina) 7.914; 7.956 ff.; (Crete) 8.157; (Minos) 8.245; (visits Philemon and Baucis) 8.984 ff.; (Hercules) 9.388 ff.; (Capaneus) 9.641; (Callirhoë) 9.660; (calms gods) 9.685 ff.; (incest) 9.805; (Ganymede) 10.230 ff.; (J. Panomphe) 11.301; (Thetis) 11.352; 11.1153; (ancestor of Ajax) 13.42; (Hector) 13.147; (ancestor of Ulysses) 13.233 ff.; (Agamemnon’s dream) 13.360; 13.445; 13.633; (Aurora) 13.964 ff.; (Polyphemus) 13.1320, 13.1343; (Cercopes) 14.139; (Aeneas) 14.904 ff.; (Romulus) 14.1254; (Venus) 15.1219; (greater than Saturn) 15.1305; 15.1306; 15.1318.

LAM-PÉ-TI-E: sister of Phaëton, one of the Heliades: (transformed) 2.503.

LA-ÓM-E-DON: founder of Troy—6.154; 11.296; (Apollo, Neptune, Hercules) 11.302 ff.; 11.1153.

LÁ-PITHS: a tribe in Thessaly—(fight with Centaurs) 12.347 ff.; 14.1025.

LÁ-TI-UM: region of central Italy where Rome was built—(brides) 2.529; 14.506; 14.603; 14.690; (Pomona) 14.949; (Numa) 15.718; (Cipus) 15.880; (disease) 15.948.

LA-TÓ-NA: daughter of Coeus, divine mother of Apollo and Diana—(call to worship) 6.268 ff.; (insulted by Niobe) 6.287 ff.; (anger at Niobe) 6.342 ff.; (Lycian peasants) 6.516 ff.; (gives birth) 6.540 ff.; (Calaurea) 7.611; (birth tree) 13.1017.

LÉL-E-GES: original inhabitants of parts of Greece and Asia Minor—7.699; (Minos) 8.9; (Byblis) 9.1029.

LÉ-LEX: a warrior from Troezen—(Boar Hunt) 8.493; (with Acheloüs) 8.888, (Baucis and Philemon) 8.970 ff.; 8.1135.

LÉM-NOS: an island in the Aegean Sea—2.1132; (Vulcan) 4.269; (Philoctetes) 13.77; 13.517; (Ulysses) 13.653.

LÉ-THE: river of the underworld—7.251; (in Cave of Sleep) 11.933.

LEU-CÓN-O-e: one of the daughters of Minyas—4.244 ff.; 4.395; (transformed) 4.595 ff.

LEU-CÓTH-O-e: daughter of Orchamus—(Apollo) 4.285 ff.; (buried alive and transformed) 4.348 ff.

LÍ-CHAS: servant of Hercules—(Nessus’ shirt) 9.255; (killed and transformed) 9.341 ff.

LÚ-CI-FER: morning star, father of Ceyx—2.168; 2.1078; 4.932; 4.983; 8.1; 11.147; (Ceyx) 11.425; 11.467; 11.871; (mourns) 11.887; 15.289; 15.1192.

LU-CÍ-NA: goddess of childbirth—(Evippe) 5.482; (delays birth of Hercules) 9.473 ff.; 9.1112; (Myrrha) 10.779 ff.

LY-CAÉ-US: mountain in Arcadia: 1.309; (Pan and Syrinx) 1.1033; 2.1060; (Atalanta) 8.504.

LY-CÁ-ON: king of Arcadia, father of Callisto—(Jupiter) 1.230, 1.279; 1.297 ff.; (transformed) 1.331 ff.; 2,728; 2.776.

LÝ-CI-A: coastal region of Asia Minor—4.435 ff.; 6.516; (Latona) 6.554 ff.; (Byblis) 9.1030; 12.181; 12.427.

LÝ-DI-A: an inland country in Asia Minor—(Arachne) 6.22; 6.242; (Midas) 11.149.

MA-CÁ-RE-US: a comrade of Ulysses:—14.248 ff.; (his story) 14.343 ff.

MAE-ÁN-DER: a river in Asia Minor—(overheats) 2.355; 8.260; (Cyane) 9.720.

MAÉN-A-LUS: a mountain in Arcadia—1.307; 2.606; 2.646; 5.947.

MAE-Ó-NIA: an alternative name for LYDIA—2.364; 3.892; (Arachne) 6.8; (Niobe) 6.248.

MAÉ-STRA: daughter of Erisichthon—8.1315 ff.; (transformed) 8.1326 ff.

MÁRS: son of Juno and Jupiter, god of war—(sacred Serpent) 3.50; (Cadmus) 3.200; (Venus) 4.250 ff.; (his rock) 6.116; (Tereus) 6.698; 12.142; (Romulus) 14.1201; (petitions Jupiter) 14.1241; (brings Romulus to heaven) 14.1258 ff.; 15.1314.

MÁR-SY-AS: a satyr—(Apollo) 6.625 ff.; (river) 6.654.

ME-DÉ-A: daughter of Aeëtes—(Jason) 7.18 ff.; (Hecate) 7.128 ff.; (Iolchos) 7.259; (Aeson) 7.269 ff.; (Incantation) 7.313 ff,;(Bacchus) 7.464; (daughters of Pelias) 7.467 ff.; (stabs Pelias) 7.553; (flies over islands) 7.556 ff.; (revenge) 7.625; (Aegeus) 7.632 ff.; (Theseus) 7.644 ff.

ME-DÚ-SA: one of the Gorgons—(her head) 4.918; (transforms Atlas) 4.972; (transforms sea weed) 4.1106; (killed by Perseus) 4.1164 ff.; (birth of Pegasus) 4.1168; (seduced by Neptune) 4.1177 ff.; 5.114; (head used by Perseus) 5.286 ff.; 5.383; 5.392 ff.; 6.195.

MEL-E-Á-GER: king of Calydon, son of Oeneus and Althaea—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.433 ff.; 8.476 ff.; (Atalanta) 8.513 ff., 8.606; (kills boar) 8.650 ff.; (Atalanta) 8.667; (kills uncles) 8.690 ff.; (fatal log) 8.711 ff.; (dies) 8.807 ff.; (mourned) 8.823; (sisters transformed) 8.838 ff.; (Deïanira) 9.245.

MÉM-NON: son of Aurora and Tithonus—(death) 13.934; (transformation of his ashes) 13.965 ff.; (Memnonides) 13.988 ff.

MEN-E-LÁ-US: king of Sparta, husband of Helen, brother of Agamemnon—(arms of Achilles) 12.1057; 13.297; 13.338; 13.590; (Euphorbus) 15.245; 15.1216.

MÉR-CU-RY: divine son of Jupiter and Maia—(Argus) 1.990 ff.; (Syrinx) 1.1017 ff.; (Argus) 1.1057; (Battus) 2.1018 ff.; (Herse) 2.1055 ff.; (helps Jupiter) 2.1236 ff.; (Hermes) 4.425; (grants Hermaphroditus’ request) 4.570; 4.1121 ff.; (fears Typhoëus) 5.528; (Philemon and Baucis) 8.986 ff.; (Chione) 11.480 ff.; (links to Ulysses) 13.240; (helps Ulysses) 14.450.

MÍ-DAS: a Phrygian king—(Silenus and Bacchus) 11.139 ff.; (golden touch) 11.153 ff.; (gets asses’ ears) 11.225 ff.; (his secret and the servant) 11.274 ff.

MI-LÉ-TUS: son of Deione and Apollo, father of Caunus and Byblis—(Minos) 9.710 ff.; (Cyane) 9.720

MI-NÉR-VA: goddess of wisdom, divine daughter of Jupiter, also called PALLAS—(Erichthonius and Raven) 2.816 ff.; 2.870; (Aglauros and Envy) 2.1118 ff.; (Cadmus and dragon’s teeth) 3.145 ff.; 4.1122; (Medusa) 4.1188 ff.; (protects Perseus) 5.78; (visits Muses) 5.397 ff.; (Pierus’ daughters) 5.469 ff.; 5.594; (Muses) 6.1 ff.; (Arachne) 6.7, 6.43 ff.; (weaving) 6.116 ff.; (reed pipe) 6.629; (Perdix) 8.402 ff.; (Athens) 8.424; (Oeneus) 8.440; (Theseus) 12.560; (image stolen) 13.163, 13.553; 13.627; (Diomedes) 14.727; 15.535; 15.1074.

MÍ-NOS: son of Jupiter and Europa, king of Crete—(threatens war) 7.716 ff.; (visits Aeacus) 7.740 ff.; 7.789; (at war) 8.9; (Scylla) 8.37 ff.; (labyrinth) 8.243 ff.; (imprisons Minotaur) 8.251 ff.; 8.299; old and weak) 9.701 ff.; (Miletus) 9.709.

MÍN-O-TAUR: monster child of Pasiphaë—8.212; 8.251; (imprisoned) 8.272 ff.; (killed) 8.276.

MÍN-Y-AS: a king in Boeotia—(his daughters) 4.1 ff.; 4.48 ff.; (daughters transformed) 4.595 ff.; 4.628.

MO-LÓS-SI-ANS:—a people of Epirus in Greece—(Lycaon) 1.325; (royal sons changed) 13.1144.

MÓP-SUS: son of Ampycus, a Lapith—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.499, 8.553; (kills Hodites) 12.703; (see Caeneus transformed) 12.808 ff.;

MÓR-PHE-US: son of Sleep—11.977 ff.; (Alcyone) 11.1001 ff.

MÚLC-I-BER: an alternative name for VULCAN. 2.7; 9.676.

MÚSES (E): daughters of Jupiter and Mnemosyne—2.318; (Minerva visits) 5.404 ff.; (Pyreneus) 5.435 ff.; (daughters of Pierus) 5.467 ff.; 6.2; (Orpheus) 10.219; 15.720; 15.940.

MÝR-MI-DONS: people from northern Greece—(appear from ants) 7.994 ff.

MÝR-RHA: daughter of Cinyras—(her story) 10.473 ff.; (transformed) 10.754.

MY-SCEL-US: son of Alemon—(Hercules and Crotona) 15.31 ff.

NAÍ-ADS: fresh water nymphs—1.948; 2.472; 6.536; 6.743; 9.142; 9.1046; 10.14; 10.788; 11.71; 14.508; 14.843; 14.1209.

NAR-CÍS-SUS: son of Lirope and Cephisus—(birth) 3.532; (Echo) 3.549 ff.; (in love) 3.634 ff.; (dies and is transformed) 3.737; (sisters’ lament) 3.771.

NÁX-OS: island in the Cyclades—3.970, 3.975; 3.991; 3.1048.

NÉ-LE-US: king of Pylos, father of Nestor—2.1025; 6.682; (family killed) 12.850 ff.

NÉM-E-SIS: goddess of retribution—3.623; 14.1063.

NÉP-TUNE: divine brother of Jupiter, god of the sea—(aids the Flood) 1.400 ff.; (helps end the Flood) 1.482; (complains about Phaëton) 2.389; 2.421; (transforms Ino) 4.788 ff.; (seduces Medusa) 4.1186; (in Minerva’s tapestry) 6.124; (in Arachne’s tapestry) 6.186; (transforms Perimele) 8.934 ff.; (saves Maestra) 8.1323 ff.; (Hippomenes) 10.914; (with Laomedon and Apollo at Troy) 11.306 ff.; 12.38; (Cycnus) 12.228; (Caenis) 12.308 ff.; (Neleus) 12.856; (asks Apollo to kill Achilles) 12.892 ff.; 13.1339.

NÉ-RE-IDS: daughters of Doris and Nereus, nymphs of the sea—1.438; 5.29; 11.572; 13.1405; 14.405.

NÉ-RE-US: a god of the sea, father of the Nereïds—1.265; 2.387; 11.572; 12.147; 13.1180.

NÉS-SUS: son of Ixion, a centaur—(with Hercules) 9.164 ff.; (dies) 9.208 ff.; 9.252; (Lapiths) 12.481; (kills Cymelus) 12.701.

NÉS-TOR: king of Pylos, son of Neleus—(Boar Hunt) 8.495, 8.576; (Caenis/Caeneus) 12.265 ff.; (Centaurs and Lapiths) 12.238 ff.; (Dorylas) 12.593 ff.; (Centaurs) 12.680 ff.; (Hercules) 12.826 ff.; (alone in battle) 13.102 ff.; 15.1273.

NÍLE (E): main river of Egypt—1.615; (Io) 1.1072; (overheats) 2.366; (Nileus) 5.299; 5.515; (Isis) 9.1238; (Caesar) 15.1140.

NÍ-O-BE: daughter of Tantalus, wife of Amphion, king of Thebes—(her pride) 6.246 ff.; (children killed) 6.365 ff.; (transformed) 6.493 ff.

NÍS-US: king of Megara, father of Scylla (1)—(purple hair) 8.12 ff.; (hair stolen) 8.132; (transformed) 8.231 ff.

NO-NÁC-RIS: mountain in Arcadia—(Syrinx) 1.1019; (Callisto) 2.596.

NÚ-MA: king of Rome—15.5 ff.; (king) 15.716; (death) 15.723.

NYMPHS: semi-divine young women living in nature—1.273; 1.466; 1.845; 1.1021; 2.19; 2.344; 2.652 ff.; 3.250 ff.; 3.482; 3.557 ff.; 3.700; 4.424; 4.1110; 5.499 ff.; 5.643; 5.843; 5.1035; 6.23; 6.75; 6.645; 7.465; 7.563; 8.894; 8.908 ff.; 9.544 ff.; 9.1041; 10.165; 11.234; 13.1098; 13.1173; 14.405; 14.507; 14.788 ff.; (ships transformed) 14.835 ff.; 14.1212 ff.; 15.733; 15.831.

O-CÉ-A-NUS: a sea god, husband of Tethys—(Juno visits) 2.750 ff.; (incest) 9.804; (Glaucus) 13.1481.

O-CÝRH-O-e: daughter of Chiron and Chariclo—(prophecy) 2.945 ff.; (transformed) 2.989.

OÉ-NE-US: king of Calydon, father of Meleager and Deïanira—(Diana) 8.436 ff.; 8.761; (mourns Meleager) 8.828; (Acheloüs) 9.18.

OÉ-TA: mountain range in northern Greece—1.457; (burns) 2.316; (Hercules) 9.272, 9.331; (Hercules’ death) 9.372; 9.400.

OLÝMPIAN GODS: the major divine figures—(meet with Jupiter) 1.234 ff.; (calm Apollo) 2.573; (run from Typhoeus) 5.510 ff.; (on Minerva’s tapesty) 6.119.

O-LÝM-PUS: mountain in northern Greece—(smashed by Jupiter) 1.214; 1.302; 2.85; (on fire) 2.328; (Medea) 7.363; 13.1208.

O-RITH-Y-Í-A: daughter of Erectheus—(Boreas) 6.1111 ff.; 7.1083.

ÓR-PHE-US: son of Oeagrus and Calliope—(Euridice) 10.4 ff.; (Underworld) 10.16 ff.; (loses Eurydice again) 10.91 ff.; (love of boys) 10.131; (sings to trees) 10.138 ff.; (attacked and killed) 11.1 ff.; (mourned) 11.66 ff.; (his head) 11.74 ff.; (finds Eurydice) 11.90; 11.140.

OR-TÝG-I-A (1): another name for the island of DELOS. 1.1025; 15.506.

OR-TÝG-I-A (2): an island off Syracuse—5.776; 5.995.

ÓS-SA: mountain in northern Greece—(smashed by Jupiter) 1.215; (on fire) 2.327; (Medea) 7.362; 12.498.

Ó-THRYS: mountain in northern Greece—(burns) 2.322; (Medea) 7.363, 7.560; (Caeneus) 12.272; (stripped of trees) 12.792.

PA-CHÝ-NUS: a cape in Sicily—5.557; 13.1156.

PÁG-A-SAE: town in Thessaly where the Argonauts’ boat was built—7.1; 12.642; 13.38.

PA-LAÉ-MON: god of the sea—(once Melicertes) 4.803; 13.1434.

PAL-A-MÉ-DES: son of Nauplius, Greek warrior leader—(exposes Ulysses) 13.62; 13.90, 13.94; 13.511.

PÁL-A-TINE (E): one of Rome’s hills—14.519; 14.947; 14.1265; 15.844.

PAL-LÁ-DI-UM: statue of Minerva in Troy—(stolen) 13.552 ff.; 13.627.

PÁL-LAS: an alternative name for Minerva. (See MINERVA)

PAN: god of woods and shepherds—(Syrinx) 1.1031 ff.; 11.226; (Apollo) 11.234 ff.; 14.787; 14.972.

PAN-CHAÉ-A: island region of Arabia—10.468; (Myrrha) 10.737.

PAN-DÍON: king of Athens, father of Philomela and Procne—(with Tereus) 6.698, 6.733 ff.; 6.793 ff.; (dies) 6.1100.

PÁN-DRO-SUS: daughter of Cecrops—(Erichthonius) 2.824; 2.1102.

PÁ-PHOS: city in Cyprus and boy born there—(Pygmalion) 10.441; 10.451 ff.; 10.813.

PÁR-IS: son of Priam and Hecuba—(burial site) 7.571; 12.5; (Apollo) 12.1016 ff.; 13.330; 13.335; 13.812; 15.1215.

PAR-NÁS-SUS: mountain near Delphi—(Deucalion) 1.460; (Cupid) 1.682; (on fire) 2.321; (Themis) 4.951; (Muses) 5.441; 11.253; (Daedalion) 11.539.

PÁ-ROS: island in the Cyclades: 3.642; (Minos) 7.731; (Daedalus) 8.357.

PA-SÍPH-A-E: wife of Minos, mother of the Minotaur—8.210, 8.217; 8.249; 9.1178.

PÉG-A-SUS: winged horse—(birth) 4.1168; (makes new spring) 5.409 ff.

PÉ-LE-US: son of Aeacus, husband of Thetis, father of Achilles—(Minos) 7.747; 7.1042, 8.4; (Great Boar Hunt) 8.490, 8.599; (Thetis) 11.337 ff.; (in exile, with Ceyx) 11.419 ff.; (cattle and Psamathe) 11.553 ff.; (absolved of murder) 11.645; 12.302; (Crantor) 12.566 ff.; (Centaurs) 12.591, 12.602 ff.; 13.250 ff.; 15.1302.

PÉ-LI-AS: half-brother of Aeson—(his daughters and Medea) 7.471 ff.; 7.519; (killed) 7.537 ff.

PÉ-LI-ON: mountain in northern Greece—(smashed by Jupiter) 1.215; (Medea) 7.362, 7.559; (Achilles’ spear) 12.115; (stripped of trees) 12.793; 13.179.

PÉ-LOPS: son of Tantalus, brother of Niobe—(his ivory shoulder) 6.660 ff.; 8.980.

PE-LÓ-RUS: a cape in Sicily—5.557; 13.1158; 15.1069.

PE-NÉ-US: river in Thessaly, father of Daphne—1.660; (Daphne) 1.703 ff.; 1.802; (his home) 1.837; (overheats) 2.352; (Medea) 7.370.

PÉN-THE-US: son of Echion and Agave, king of Thebes—(Teiresias) 3.784 ff.; (Bacchus and Acoetes) 3.811 ff.; 3.1051; (killed) 3.1065 ff.; 4.33; 4.635.

PÉR-DIX: nephew of Daedalus—(with Daedalus) 8.381 ff.; (transformed) 8.403.

PÉR-GA-MUM: the citadel of Troy—12.1001; 13.276; 13.616; 13.847; 15.658.

PER-I-CLÝM-E-NES: a son of Neleus, brother of Nestor—(transformed, killed) 12.855 ff.

PER-I-MÉ-LE: daughter of Hippodamas—(transformed) 8.927 ff.

PER-SÉPH-O-NE: see PROSERPINE.

PÉR-SE-US: son of Jupiter and Danaë—4.908; (visits Atlas) 4.913 ff.; (transforms Atlas) 4.968 ff.; (saves Andromeda) 4.985 ff.; 4.1119 ff.; (daughters of Phorcys) 4.1148; (cuts off Medusa’s head) 4.1164; 5.1; 5. 53; (fights at the feast) 5.58 ff.; (uses Medusa’s head) 5.281 ff., 5.373 ff., 5.392.

PHÁ-E-TON: son of Apollo and Clymene: (wonders about his father) 1.1106 ff.; (Apollo and the horses of the Sun) 2.24 ff.; (killed by Jupiter) 2.450 ff.; 2.462 ff.; (epitaph) 2.474; 2.532; 4.362; 12.896.

PHA-E-THÚ-SA: eldest sister of Phaëton, one of the Heliades—(transformed) 2.501.

PHI-LÉ-MON: husband of Baucis—(his story) 8.994 ff.; (transformed) 8.1119 ff.

PHIL-OC-TÉ-TES: son of Poeas—(Hercules) 9.373; (abandoned) 13.76 ff.; 13.518 ff.; (rejoins Greeks) 13.659.

PHIL-O-MÉ-LA: daughter of Pandion, sister of Procne—6.727; (with Tereus) 6.739 ff.; (transformed) 6.1088.

PHÍ-NE-US: brother of Cepheus—(feast) 5.12 ff.; (begs) 5.333 ff.; (transformed) 5.367.

PHLÉG-E-THON: a river of the Underworld—5.850; 15.799.

PHÓ-CIS: region in central Greece—1.455; 2.843; 5.438; 11.552.

PHÓ-CUS: son of Aeacus—(with Minos) 7.749; 7.1041 ff.; 7.1248; (killed by Peleus) 11.421; 11.603.

PHOÉ-BE (1): a Titan, the moon—1.15; 2.1079.

PHOÉ-BE (2): an alternative name for DIANA—1.697; 2.605.

PHOÉ-BUS: another name for APOLLO.

PHOÉ-NIX: a fabulous bird—15.586 ff..

PHRÝ-GI-A: region in Asia Minor around Troy—6.244; 6.278; 6.296; 6.654; 8.262; 8.976; 10.231; 11.136; 11.309; 12.61; 13.409; 13.553; 13.698; 13.936; 15.662.

PÍC-US: son of Saturn—(statue) 14.483; (his story) 14.495 ff.; (transformed) 14.595; (companions transformed) 14.612 ff.

PÍ-E-RUS: king of Emathia—(his daughters and the Muses) 5.467 ff.; (story of Typhoëus) 5.511 ff.; (daughters transformed) 5.1044.

PÍN-DUS: a mountain in Thessaly—1.838; (on fire) 2.328; (Medea) 7.363; 11.860.

PI-RÍTH-O-US: son of Ixion—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.482; 8.634; (with Acheloüs) 8.886; (ridicules Acheloüs) 8.961; (wedding feast, fight with Centaurs) 12.328 ff.; (kills Centaurs) 12.515 ff.

PÍT-THE-US: son of Pelops, king of Troezen—6.683; 8.979; 15.443; 15.764.

PLEÍ-A-DES: daughters of Atlas and Pleione, now a constellation—(Maia) 1.990; (Niobe) 6.291; (on shield) 13.484.

PLÚ-TO: brother of Jupiter and Neptune, god of the Underworld, also called DIS—(alarmed by earth opening up) 2.376; 3.441; 5.565; (shot by Cupid) 5.569 ff.; (Proserpine) 5.620 ff.; (Cyane) 5.645 ff.; 5.790; (Jupiter defends him) 5.819 ff.; 5.880 ff.; (Medea) 7.398; (Orpheus) 10.24, 10.76; (Aeneas) 14.179; (Hippolytus) 15.805.

PÓL-LUX: son of Tyndareus and Leda—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.479, 8.587.

POL-Y-DÓ-RUS: son of Priam and Hecuba—(sent to Thrace, killed) 13.701 ff.; (Hecuba) 13.857; 13.871; 13.1008.

POL-YM-ÉS-TOR: a king in Thrace—(Polydorus) 13.700 ff.; 13.861; 13.885 ff.; (Hecuba’s revenge) 13.906 ff.

POL-Y-PHÉ-MUS: a cyclops—(Galatea) 13.1183; 13.1199 ff.; (Telemus) 13.1223 ff.; (love song) 13.1235 ff.; (Acis) 13.1370 ff.; 14.4; (Achaemenides) 14.263 ff.

PO-LÝX-E-NA: daughter of Priam and Hecuba—(sacrificed) 13.729 ff.; (Hecuba laments her death) 13.800 ff.

PO-MÓ-NA: a hamadryad in Latium—(her story) 14.948 ff.

PRÍ-AM: king of Troy, husband of Hecuba—11.1154; (mourns Aesacus) 12.1; 12.1028; (Ulysses) 13.333; (killed) 13.662 ff.; (Polydorus) 13.704; 13.779; 13.846; 13.958; 14.725.

PRI-Á-PUS: rustic fertility god—(Lotis) 9.557; 14.974.

PRÓ-CNE: daughter of Pandion, wife of Tereus—(Tereus) 6.699 ff.; (transformed) 6.1088.

PRÓ-CRIS: daughter of Erechtheus, wife of Cephalus—6.1109; (with Cephalus) 7.1082 ff.; (killed) 7.1318 ff.

PROÉ-TUS: brother of Acrisius—(turned to stone) 5.378; 15.491.

PRO-POÉ-TUS: (his daughters)—10.334, 10.359 ff.

PRÓ-SER-PINE (E): daughter of Ceres and Jupiter, also called PERSEPHONE—(alarmed at earth opening up) 2.377; (abducted by Pluto) 5.615 ff.; (her belt) 5.731; 5.786; 5.828; (and pomegranate seeds) 5.835 (transforms Ascalaphus) 5.847; (companions transformed) 5.866; (divides her year) 5.881; (seduced by Jupiter) 6.185; (Medea) 7.399; (Orpheus visits) 10.24, 10.75; 10.1105; (Avernian Juno) 14.177.

PRÓ-TE-US: a sea god—2.11; (changes shape) 8.1144 ff.; (with Thetis) 11.346; (Peleus) 11.392 ff.; 13.1464.

PYG-MÁ-LI-ON: a young man of Cyprus—(his story) 10.368 ff.

PÝ-LOS: city in the southwest Peloponnese—(Apollo) 2.1017; 6.681; 8.576; 12.847.

PÝ-RA-MUS: a young lad of Babylon—(Thisbe) 4.85 ff.; (kills himself) 4.178 ff.

PYR-E-NÉ-US: king of Thrace—(Muses) 5.435 ff.; (kills himself) 5.458.

PÝR-RHA: daughter of Epimetheus, wife of Deucalion—(survives the Flood) 1.464; (restores human life) 1.508 ff.

PY-THÁG-O-RAS: a Greek philosopher—15.94 ff.; (teachings) 15.101 ff.; (vegetarianism) 15.114 ff.; (immortality and migration of souls) 15.231 ff.; (geological changes) 15.389 ff.; (Aetna) 15.512 ff.; (spontaneous generation) 15.541 ff.; (phoenix) 15.583; (strange animals) 15.607 ff.; (civilizations) 15.626; (Rome’s destiny) 15.641 ff.

QUI-RÍ-NUS: Romulus’ name once he becomes a god—14.1275; 15.1284; 15.1308.

RAVEN: a bird associated with Apollo—(changes colour) 2.789; (Crow) 2.803 ff.; (informs on Coronis) 2.882 ff.; (punishedwith change of colour) 2.934.

RHAD-A-MÁN-THUS: son of Jupiter and Europa—(in old age) 9.699, 9.706.

RHÉG-I-UM: city in Italy across the sea from Sicily—14.7; 14.72.

RHÓ-DO-PE: mountain in Thrace—(burns) 2.322; (once a mortal) 6.143; 6.965; (Orpheus) 10.122.

ROME (E): (founded) 14.1192; (Venus saves the city) 14.1198; (Tatius) 14.1238; (Numa) 15.1; (Pythagoras) 15.641 ff.; (Cipus) 15.904; (Aesculapius) 15.947 ff.; 15.1142; 15.1336.

RÓM-U-LUS: son of Ilia and Mars, founder of Rome—14.1190 ff.; 14.1231; (deified) 14.1239 ff.; 15.2; (spear transformed) 15.842 ff.; 15.947; 15.1314.

RUMOUR:--(Deïanira) 9.225; (home) 12.62 ff.; 12.97.

RU-TÚ-LI-ANS: a people of central Italy—14.694; (continue fighting) 14.805, 14.859.

SÁ-BINES (E): people of central Italy—(war on Rome) 14.1193 ff.; 14.1281; 15.7.

SÁL-MA-CIS: a nymph and a pool—(her story) 4.418 ff.; (drowns) 4.544 ff.; 15.479.

SÁ-MOS: island off Asia Minor—(Daedalus) 8.355; (Pythagoras) 15.94.

SÁ-TURN: father of Jupiter, Juno, and others—(in Tartarus) 1.158; (in Arachne’s weaving) 6.207; (incest) 9.803; 15.1304.

SCÝL-LA (1): daughter of Nisus—(Minos) 8.27 ff.; (Nisus’ hair) 8.127 ff.; (transformed) 8.236.

SCÝL-LA (2): daughter of Crataeis—7.111; (Aeneas) 13.1164 ff.; (Galatea) 13.1175 ff.; (Glaucus) 13.1406 ff.; 14.24 ff.; (transformed) 14.78 ff.; (Ulysses) 14.106; (Aeneas) 14.112.

SCÝ-THI-A: northern regions generally—1.92; (on fire) 2.325; 5.1012; 7.646; (Hunger) 8.1223; 8.1237; 10.892; (Diana) 14.514; 15.427; 15.537.

SÉM-E-LE: daughter of Cadmus, mother of Bacchus—(Juno and Jupiter) 3.388 ff.; (killed) 3.471.

SÍB-YL: a priestess at Cumae—(Aeneas) 14.160 ff.; (her story) 14.200 ff.; 15.1078.

SÍCILY: 5.550; (Ceres punishes the island) 5.722 ff.; (Arethusa) 5.770; 7.112; 8.455; (Aeneas) 13.1154; (Telemus) 13.1220; (Glaucus) 14.10; (Aeneas) 14.126; 15.416; (Aesculapius) 15.1070; (Pompey) 15.1252.

SI-GAÉ-UM: a headland near Troy—11.299; 12.110; 13.7.

SI-LÉN-US: a satyr and companion of Bacchus—4.40; (Midas and Bacchus) 11.135, 11.150 ff.

SILVER AGE: 1.159 ff.

SÍRENS (E): transformed daughters of Acheloüs—(transformation) 5.865 ff; (Aeneas) 14.133.

SÍS-Y-PHUS: son of Aeolus—(Underworld) 4.680 ff.; (Orpheus) 10.72; 13.41, 13.52.

SLEEP: god of sleep—11.909; (his home) 11.917 ff.; (Iris) 11.952 ff.; (with Morpheus) 11.977 ff.

SPÁR-TA: city in central Peloponnese—(dog) 3.310; 3.329; 6.677; (Apollo) 10.254; 10.274; 10.327; 13.651; 15.81; 15.633 ff.

SPER-CHÉ-US: a river in Thessaly—1.850; (overheats) 2.361; 5.139; (Medea) 7.370.

STYX: (also STYGIAN SHADES) a river of the Underworld—1.194; 1.267; 1.1085; 2.62; 2.149; 3.409; 3.441; (Narcissus) 3.771; 3.1057; 4.642 ff.; 5.185; (Arethusa) 5.784; 6.1082; (Orpheus visits) 10.19; 10.115; 10.478; 10.1058; 11.782; 12.502; 13.755; 14.242; 14.899; 15.232; 15.1195.

SUN: see APOLLO.

SÝ-RINX: a hamadryad—1.1021 ff.; (Pan) 1.1031 ff.; (transformed) 1.1041.

TÁN-TA-LUS: son of Jupiter, father of Pelops and Niobe—(in the Underworld) 4.678; (Niobe) 6.289; 6.397; (cuts up his son) 6.666; (Orpheus) 10.67; 12.1066.

TAR-PÉ-I-A: Roman girl who betrayed the citadel—14.1194 ff.; 15.1319.

TÁR-TA-RUS: deepest pit in the Underworld or the Underworld generally—(Saturn) 1.158; (cracks open) 2.375; 5.587; 5.662; 6.1101; 10.34; 11.1027; 12.404; 12.808; 12.1051.

TÁ-TI-US: king of the Sabines—14.1193; (shared rule of Rome) 14.1238 ff.

TEI-RÉ-SI-AS: a prophet in Thebes—(Jupiter and Juno) 3.494 ff.; (Lirope and Narcissus) 3.521 ff.; (his fame) 3.781; (Pentheus) 3.781 ff.

TÉL-A-MON: son of Aeacus, brother of Peleus—(with Minos) 7.746 ff.; (Myrmidons) 7.1007 ff.; 7.1042, 8.4; (Great Boar Hunt) 8.489, 8.596 ff.; (Hesione) 11.333; 11.337; 13.35; 13.250.

TE-LE-THÚ-SA: wife of Ligdus, mother of Iphis—9.1068 ff.

TÉM-PE: a valley in Thessaly—1.836; 7.358; (Cycnus) 7.587.

TÉN-E-DOS: island near Troy—(Apoll0) 1.758; (Achilles) 12.170; 13.285.

TÉ-RE-US: king of Thrace, husband of Procne—(Athens) 6.693; (Procne) 6.696 ff.; (Philomela) 6.746 ff.; (transformed) 6.1094; 6.1115.

TÉ-THYS: a sea goddess, wife of Oceanus—2.96; (Phaëton) 2.227; (Juno visits) 2.750 ff.; (incest) 9.804; (Aesacus) 11.1197; (Glaucus) 13.1481.

TEÚ-CER (1): early king of Troy—(founder of Aeneas’ line) 13.1123.

TEÚ-CER (2): son of Telamon, half-brother of Ajax (1), Greek warrior—13.257.

THÉBES: main city of Boeotia—(building) 3.198; 3.838; 3.844; 3.864; (Bacchus) 4.613; (Cadmus leaves) 4.841; (Minerva) 5.403; 6.265; (Niobe) 6.299, 6.365; 6.673 ff.; (monstrous fox) 7.1200; (Alcmene) 9.488; (war prophesied) 9.640; 13.1087; (Anius’ bowl) 13.1094 ff.; 15.636 ff.

THÉ-MIS: goddess of justice—(Deucalion and Pyrrha) 1.467, 1.546 ff.; (prophecy to Atlas) 4.952; (the fox) 7.1197; (prophesies) 9.638 ff.

THÉ-SE-US: son of Aegeus—(reaches Athens) 7.640; (Medea) 7.644 ff.; (almost poisoned) 7.665 ff.; (his fame) 7.679 ff.; (kills Minotaur) 8.276; (Ariadne) 8.276 ff.; (fame in Athens) 8.420 ff.; (Boar Hunt) 8.430; 8.481; 8.636 ff.; (Acheloüs) 8.856 ff., 8.885 ff., 9.1 ff.; (fights Centaurs) 12.355 ff., 12.533 ff.; (Demoleon) 12.554 ff.; 15.1301.

THÉS-SALY: a region of northern Greece—2.888; 7.260; 7.359; 7.422; 8.1262; (Thetis) 11.363; 11.648; 12.127; (Caenis) 12.298; (Caeneus) 12.326; 12.333; 12.551; (Halesus) 12.717.

THÉ-TIS: daughter of Proteus, a sea goddess, mother of Achilles—11.337; (Proteus and Peleus) 11.346 ff.; (Jupiter) 11.355; (Psamathe) 11.634; (hides Achilles) 13.265; 13.477.

THÍS-BE: a young girl of Babylon—(Pyramus) 4.85 ff.; (kills herself) 4.236.

THRÁCE (E): region to the northeast of Greece—6.143; (Tereus) 6.693; 6.711; 10.82; 11.128; 13.715; (Hecuba) 13.923; (Polydorus) 13.1007.

TÍ-BER: river through Rome—(overheats) 2.372; 14.650; 14.683; (name) 14.939; 15.642; (home for Aesculapius) 15.945, 15.1102, 15.1116.

TI-SÍPH-O-NE or TI-SÍPH-ONE (E): one of the Furies—(obeys Juno) 4.701 ff.; (Ino and Athamas) 4.711 ff.

TÍT-Y-OS: monstrous son of Jupiter—(Underworld) 4.676; (Orpheus) 10.70.

TLE-PÓL-E-MUS: son of Hercules—(with Nestor) 12.828 ff.

TMÓ-LUS: a mountain in Lydia—(burns) 2.316; 6.25; (Bacchus) 11.130; (Pan and Apollo) 11.230 ff.; 11.295.

TÓX-E-US: son of Thestius, uncle of Meleager—(Great Boar Hunt) 8.482; (killed) 8.678 ff.

TRÁ-CHIS: a city in Thessaly—(Ceyx) 11.424; 11.784; 11.965.

TRIP-TÓL-E-MUS: son of Celeus—(Ceres sends him away) 5.1005 ff.; (Lyncus) 5.1013 ff.

TRÍ-TON: a sea god—(helps end the Flood) 1.483 ff.; 2.11; 13.1434.

TROÉ-ZEN: town in the Peloponnese—6.682; (Lelex) 8.888; 15.442; 15.764.

TROJANS (E): citizens of Troy, also applied to Aeneas and his comrades—12.101; 12.107 ff.; 12.1014; 12.1038; 13.147; 13.331; 13.343; 13.413; 13.444; 13.454; 13.537; 13.562; 13.571; 13.707; 13.924; 13.1118; 13.1123; 13.1184; 13.1154; 14.258; 14.379; 14.675; 14.810; 15.658.

TROY (E): city by the Hellespont—9.376; 10.238; (Laomedon) 11.304 ff.; (Hercules) 11.331; 11.1155; 12.30; 12.39; 12.688; 12.994; 13.36; 13.74; 13.87; 13.277; (Ulysses’ visit) 13.328; 13.381; (Fate revealed) 13.529 ff.; (falls) 13.662 ff.; 13.997; 13.1149; 15.628; 15.656 ff.; 15.1165.

TÚR-NUS: king of the Rutulians—(war) 14.689 ff.; (burns ships) 14.809 ff.; 14.861; (killed) 14.871; 15.1170.

TY-PHÓ-E-US: a monstrous giant—3.464; (fights gods) 5.511 ff.; (held underground) 5.552 ff.

TÝRE (E): city in Asia Minor—2.1255; 3.55; 3.822; 6.103; 15.429.

TYR-RHÉN-I-AN: a name applied to certain non-Greek people from Asia Minor who moved into Italy—3.880; 3.1058; 4.36; 15.834.

U-LÝS-SES: king of Ithaca—(arms of Achilles) 12.1061; (verbally attacked by Ajax) 13.21 ff.; (Palamedes) 13.62, 13.90; (leaves Nestor) 13.101; (saved by Ajax) 13.119 ff.; (responds to Ajax) 13.203 ff.; (his ancestry) 13.230 ff.; (discovers Achilles) 13.265 ff.; (his accomplishments in war) 13.278 ff.; (at Aulis) 13.309 ff.; (in Troy) 13.325; (Thersites) 13.389; (Diomedes) 13.401; (Dolon and Rhesus) 13.409 ff.; (Trojans killed) 13.426; (Achilles’ body) 13.466 ff.; (Palamedes) 13.509; (Philoctetes) 13.516 ff.; (Helenus) 13.550; (Palladium) 13.552 ff.; (wins debate) 13.628; (brings Philoctetes back) 13.653 ff.; (Hecuba) 13.693, 13.786, 13.829; 13.1135; (Telemus) 13.1225; 14.106; 14.249; (Polyphemus) 14.282 ff.; 14.340; (Aeolus, Antiphates) 14.343 ff.; (Circe) 14.448 ff.; 14.855; 14.1026.

UNDERWORLD: 2.376; (Juno visits) 4.639 ff.; (Orpheus) 10.16 ff.; (Aeneas) 14.178.

U-RÁ-NI-A: one of the Muses—5.413 ff.; (daughters of Pierus) 5.1039 ff.

VEN-Ú-LUS: a messenger from Turnus—(Diomedes) 14.697 ff.; (returns) 14.782 ff.

VÉ-NUS: goddess of love, wife of Mars, mother of Aeneas—(Cadmus) 3.200; (Mars) 4.250 ff.; (Aphrodite) 4.425;(Hermaphroditus) 4.570; (Ino) 4.785 ff.; (fears Typhoëus) 5.527; (Cupid) 5.576 ff.; (Anchises) 9.678; 9.1268; (Cerastes and daughters of Propoetus) 10.344 ff.; (Pygmalion) 10.410 ff.; (Adonis) 10.803 ff.; 10.968; (Hippomenes) 10.974 ff.; (Adonis) 10.1089 ff.; (Circe) 14.38; (Diomedes) 14.730 ff.; (transforms crew) 14.758 ff.; 14.870; (petitions gods) 14.891 ff.; (Idalian Venus) 14.1062; (Venus Prospiciens) 14.1169; (saves Rome) 14.1205 ff.; (Caesar) 15.1152 ff.; (Jupiter) 15.1219 ff.

VER-TÚM-NUS: god of the seasons—(Pomona) 14.976 ff.

VÉS-TAL VIRGINS: priestesses of Vesta, goddess of fire—15.1106; 15.1177; 15.1315.

VÚL-CAN: god of fire and the forge, husband of Venus, also called MULCIBER—2.7; 2.157; (Mars and Venus) 4.253 ff.; (Erichthonius) 9.678; (Achilles) 12.1042.

XÁN-THUS: river near Troy—(overheats) 2.354; (Byblis) 9.1031.

ZÁN-CLE: another name for Messana in Sicily—13.1163; 14.6; 14.73; 15.435.

 

 

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