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PUBLISHED ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS OF HOMER’S ILIAD AND ODYSSEY
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The following page, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Vancouver Island University (once known as Malaspina University-College), Nanaimo, Canada, is a work in progress (periodically updated), a list of publications of complete English translations of Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey. The list, for the most part, includes only the first edition of any particular translation and does not include reprints of earlier translations, partial translations, parodies, burlesques, adaptations, or re-workings of the poem (although I have made occasional exceptions).  

Where possible, I have provided links to samples of particular translations and, in some cases, to the complete text. And in many cases I have added a few review comments of my own. These comments are, for the most part, quick summary evaluations based on an immediate first impression of the translation, except in the case of the more recent versions, where I have usually made a more judicious (although still quite brief) attempt to deal with the English text. The short samples do not include any footnotes or line numbers present in the original.

The purpose of this list is to permit readers to browse through a selection of English translations of the Iliad and the Odyssey in order to compare the different ways in which translators have, over the years, rendered Homer’s Greek in an idiom they considered suitable for their contemporary readers.

The list is, I fear, not altogether reliable or complete, mainly because it is sometimes difficult to determine from library records and bibliographies whether a particular book is, in fact, an English translation of the complete poem, rather than a summary, commentary, partial translation, or satire. Given that such titles are very common, I may well have included titles which do not belong here. I am in the process of tracking down copies of the books so that I can verify the contents. Also, the precise date of the first publication has often been difficult to ascertain, particularly for translations which came out over a period of years or which went through several editions. I welcome comments and suggestions, especially concerning corrections and additions or subtractions. Please contact Ian Johnston.

The information here comes from a number of sources, most notably Philip H. Young’s The Printed Homer: A 3000 Year Publishing and Translation History of the Iliad and the Odyssey (Jefferson, North Carolina, 2003), George Steiner, Homer in English (Penguin 1996), Finley Melville Kendall Foster, English Translations from the Greek: A Bibliographical Survey (New York: Columbia University, 1918), J. H. Douglas Bush, "English Translations of Homer," PMLA 41.2 (June 1926), and library catalogues for the Bodleian and British Libraries and the Library of Congress.

COMPLETE ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS OF HOMER'S ILIAD

[Arthur HallTen books of Homers Iliades, London 1581] (Comment and Link to Complete Text)]

George Chapman (London, 1603-1614), fourteen syllable verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

John Ogilby (London, 1656), heroic couplets. (Sample and Comment)

Thomas Hobbes (London, 1675).  Verse translation. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Oldisworth, Broom, Ozell (London, 1712). “Done from the French . . . and compar’d with the Greek.”  (Sample, Review Comment)

Alexander Pope (London, 1715-1720).  Rhymed verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

James MacPherson (London, 1773), prose (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume I of the Complete Text).

William Cowper (London, 1791). Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

James Morrice (London, 1809) (blank verse) (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume 1)

Graduate of the University of Oxford (Oxford 1821). Prose. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

William Sotheby (London, 1831) Heroic couplets. (Sample, Comment, and and Link to Volume I)

Author Unknown. Homer's Iliad (1841) (listed by Foster, but otherwise no record).

T. S. Brandreth (London, 1846) “Drumming decasyllables.” (Sample. Comment, and Link to Volume I

William Munford (Boston, Mass., 1846) (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume II)

Hamilton Bryce (1847), prose (Listed by Foster, but otherwise the record is unclear)

Theodore Alois Buckley (London, 1851) Prose. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

William G. T. Barter (London, 1854) Spenserian stanzas. (Sample, Comment, and link to complete text)

Thomas Clark (Philadelphia, 1855-8).  English-Greek interlinear text. (Link to Complete Text)

F. W. Newman (London, 1856) “Unrhymed English metre” (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Ichabod Charles Wright (London 1859-64). Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, Link to Volume I)

J. C. Wright (Cambridge, 1858-65). Blank verse. (Ichabod Charles Wright?)

Dr. Giles (London 1861-82) Word for word prose (with Greek) (Comment and Link to Sample)

Anonymous. In hexameters (1862).

J. H. Dart (London, 1862-1865). Hexameter verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby (London, 1864) Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Thomas Starling Norgate (London, 1864). Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Edwin W. Simcox (London, 1865). Hexameter verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Philip S. Worsley, (Edinburgh, 1865-8). In Spenserian stanzas (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume I)

John Stuart Blackie (Edinburgh 1866). In fourteen syllable verse.  (Sample, Comment, and Link to Preview)

J. F. W. Herschel. (London, 1866). Accented hexameters. (Sample, Comment and Link to Complete Text)

James Inglis Cochrane (Edinburgh, 1867). Hexameter verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Charles Merivale (London 1869). Rhymed verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume II)

J. G. Cordery. (London, 1870) Blank verse with Greek facing.  (Sample and Link to Volume I)

William Cullen Bryant (Boston, Mass., 1870).  Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

W. G. Caldcleugh (Philadelphia, 1870). Verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

John Benson Rose (London, 1874). Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Charles Bagot Cayley (London, 1876). “Homometrically translated” (Sample and Link to Full Text)

Mordaunt Barnard (Edinburgh 1876).  Blank verse.

 Herbert Hailstone (Cambridge, 1881). Literal prose translation (Sample and Link to Book XXI)

C. W. Bateman and Roscoe Mongan (London: 1881). Literally translated.

Andrew Lang, Walter Leaf, Ernest Myers (Boston, 1882). Prose. (Sample and Link to Complete text)

W. C. Green (London, 1884). Blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume I)

Arthur Sanders Way (London, 1886). English verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Volume I)

Samuel Butler (London, 1888). Prose. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

G. Howland. Metrical translation. (Boston, 1889)

John Purves (London, 1891). Prose. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Edgar Alfred Tibbetts (Boston, 1907) (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Edward Henry Blakeney (London, 1910-13).  Prose.

Arthur Gardner Lewis (New York, 1912). Blank Verse.  (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

George Ernle (London 1922).  Quantitative Hexameters. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Augustus Taber Murray (London, 1924). Prose. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Complete Text)

Alexander Falconer Murison (London, 1933). Hexameter verse. (Sample and Comment)

William Sinclair Marris (London, 1934). 

Robinson Smith (Nice, 1937).  “The Original Iliad.” (Comment)

William Henry Denham Rouse (New York, 1938).  Prose. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Preview)

Benjamin Smith and Walter Miller (New York, 1944). Line for line dactylic hexameter.

Alston Hurd Chase, William Graves Perry, Jr. (Boston, 1950). Prose.

Emile Victor Rieu (Harmondsworth, 1950). Prose. (Sample, Review Comment, and Link to Preview)

Richmond Lattimore (Chicago, 1951). Hexameter “isometric” verse. (Sample, Comment and Link)

Robert Graves (New York, 1959) (Sample and Review Comment)

Samuel Ogden Andrew, Michael Oakley (London, 1955). Verse. (Review Article

Ennis Rees (New York, 1963). Verse.

Robert Fitzgerald (New York, 1963). Verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Preview)

J. P. Kirton (Lowestoft, 1977).

Denison Bingham Hull (Athens, Ohio, 1982). Blank verse. (Review comments)

Martin Hammond (London, 1987). Prose. (Sample, Comment and Preview)

Robert Fagles (New York, 1990).  Verse. (Sample, Comment, and Preview)

Michael Reck (New York, 1994). Verse.

Stanley Lombardo (Indianapolis, 1997). Verse. (Sample, Comment, and Preview)

 Ian Johnston (e-text, 2002), Arlington, Va (2006) Verse. (Comment and Link to Complete Text)

John Jackson (e-text, 2005). Interlinear Greek-English. (Preview)

Rodney Merrill (2007): English hexameters (Sample, Comment, Link to Longer Sample)

Tony Kline (2008?) (hyperlinked e-text). Prose (Sample, Comment, Link to Complete Text)

Herbert Jordan (Norman, Oklahoma, 2008): line-for-line blank verse. (Sample, Comment, and Link to Preview)

Frederick Light (New York, 2009). In a sequence of 1823 sonnets.  (Sample and Link to Recording

Anthony Verity (New York, 2011). (Sample, Review Comment, and Link to Preview)

Stephen Mitchell (New York 2011). (Sample, Review Comment, and Link to Preview)

James Muirden (Rewe, Devon, 2012). A new rendering in heroic verse. (Sample and Review Comment)

Richard Whitaker (2012). A Southern African Translation. (Sample, Review Comments, Links to Reviews)

Edward McCrorie (Johns Hopkins, 2012). Verse. (Sample, Review Comment, Link to Preview)

Peter Green (California, 2015). Hexameter verse (Sample, Review Comment, Links to Reviews)

Caroline Alexander (New York 2015). Free verse (Sample, Review Comment, Link to Review)

William Guy (2015). Free verse. (Sample and Link to Preview)

Joe Sachs (Philadelphia 2018). Verse (Sample, Comment, Link to Preview

Sophie Grace Chappell (ResearchGate, in process). Homer's Iliad: a new translation into English verse (Sample, Preview, comment)
                 

      COMPLETE ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS OF HOMER'S ODYSSEY

George Chapman (London, 1612?). Rhyming couplets. (Sample and Link to Complete text)

John Ogilby (London, 1656).  Heroic couplets.

Thomas Hobbes (London, 1675). Rhyming pentameters. (Sample and Link to Complete text)

Alexander Pope (London, 1725-26). Heroic couplets. (Sample and Link to Complete text)

William Cowper (London, 1791). Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Complete text)

A Member of the University of Oxford [Henry Cary?] (Oxford 1823).  Prose.

William Sotheby (Cambridge, 1834). Rhyming Pentameters.

Theodore Alois Buckley (London, 1851). Prose. (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

Dr. Giles (London 1861) Literally and word for word.  Prose. (Sample and Link to Books I to VI)

Henry Alford (London, 1861). Hendecasyllable verse. (Sample and Link to Volume One)

Philip Stanope Worsely (Edinburgh, 1861) Spenserian stanzas. (Sample and Link to Volume II)

Thomas Starling Norgate (London, 1862).  Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

George Musgrave (London, 1865).  Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Volume II)

Lovelace Bigge-Wither (Oxford, 1869). (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

G. W. Edgington (New York, 1869). Blank verse.

William Cullen Bryant (Boston, 1871).  Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

Kelly (London, 1872-80) Literal prose. [This title comes from Young; it is not in library records]

Mordaunt Barnard (London, 1876). Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

Samuel Henry Butcher, Andrew Lang (New York, 1879). (Sample and Link to Complete text)

Roscoe Mongan (London, 1879-80). Literally translated.

George Augustus Schomberg (London 1879-82).  Verse. (Sample and Link to Volume I)

Arthur Sanders Way (London, 1880). English verse. (Sample and Comment)

Charles du Cane. Rhyming fourteeners. (London, 1880) (Sample and Link to Volume I)

George Herbert Palmer (Boston, 1886). English “rhythmic prose” (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

William Morris (London, 1887). Rhyming verse of irregular line length. (Sample and Link to Full Text)

Thomas Clark (London, 1888).  Interlinear Greek-English

J. G. Cordery. Iambic pentameter. (London, 1897).

Samuel Butler (New York, 1900). Prose. (Complete text)

John William Mackail (London, 1903).  In quatrains. (Sample and Links to Complete Text)

Henry Bernard Cotterill (London, 1911).  Line for line isometric translation. (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

Arthur Gardner Lewis (New York, 1911).  Blank verse.

Augustus Taber Murray (London, 1919). Prose. (Sample and Link to Complete Text)

Francis Caulfield (London, 1921). Isometric verse. 

William Sinclair Marris (London, 1925).  Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Preview)

Robert Henry Hiller (Philadelphia, 1927). Prose.

Herbert Bates (New York, 1929) Tetrameter verse. (Sample)

Thomas Edward Lawrence (London, 1932). Prose. (Sample and Link to Preview)

William Henry Denham Rouse (New York, 1937).  Prose.  (Review Comment)

Emile Victor Rieu (London, 1945). Prose. (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

Samuel Ogden Andrew (London, 1948). Verse.

Ennis Rees (New York, 1960).  Verse. (Review Article)

Robert Fitzgerald (New York, 1961) (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

Preston Herschel Epps (New York, 1965). Unabridged school edition.

Albert Spaulding Cook (New York, 1967). Line by line verse.

Richmond Alexander Lattimore (New York, 1965)  (Sample, Review Comment, Link to Preview)

Denison Bingham Hull (Greenwich, Conn., 1978)

Walter Shewring (Oxford, 1980). Prose. (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

Memas Kolaitis (Santa Barbara, 1983)

Allen Mandelbaum (Berkeley, 1990). Blank verse. (Sample and Link to Preview)

Roger David Dawe (Lewes, 1993). Prose. (Sample and Review Comment)

Brian Kemball-Cook (Hitchin, 1993).  English hexameter verse.

Michael Reck (New York, 1994)

Robert Fagles (New York, 1996). (Preview and Review Comment)

Martin Hammond (London, 2000).  Prose. (Link to Preview)

Stanley Lombardo (Indianapolis, 2000). Verse (Link to Preview)

Tony Kline (e-text hyperlinked). Prose (Sample and Link to Complete text

Ian Johnston (e-text) (Arlington, Va, 2006) Verse. (Complete text)

Rodney Merrill, English hexameters (2002). (Sample, Review Comment)

Edward McCrorie (Baltimore 2004) Verse (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

James Huddleston, line for line, online interlinear English-Greek (Complete text)

Charles Stein (Berkeley, 2008). Free verse. (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

Stephen Mitchell (NY, Atria Books, 2013). Verse. (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

Herbert Jordan (University of Oklahoma Press, 2014) (Review Comment and Link to Preview)

Brian Dawkins (Steele Roberts, Wellington, NZ, 2014) Verse, with illustrations by the translator.

Joe Sachs (Philadelphia, 2014) (Sample, Comment, and Preview)

Richard Whitaker (Cape Town 2017) Translated into South African English. Verse. (Comment)

Emily Wilson (Norton, 2018) Blank Verse (Sample, Review Comment, Link to Preview)